The below sections outline guidance about students using or not using their webcams during live online sessions. The importance of choice, understanding their surroundings and context, and being familiar with the technical options and wide range of participatory modes is key for student success. Refer your students to information about using their webcams which includes guidance about how to develop confidence about having one's camera on. You may want to include optional technical familiarity exercises (i.e. competition for best virtual background) in any induction/getting started activities to increase student confidence in camera use.
There are a range of ways that students can participate and show engagement in live sessions even if cameras are off, and make sure to remind students of these ways of participating in order to increase student engagement. This guide includes examples and suggestions on ways of incorporating these kinds of engagement activities in your teaching.
Students may not ever feel comfortable turning their cameras on, or may have them on in some sessions and off in others. Consider your own use of cameras in meetings with colleagues, and what kinds of considerations and decisions you and colleagues may make. Students may have cameras off for a number of reasons, including:
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